Edibles are food products infused with active cannabinoids from the cannabis plant to produce psychoactive effects when eaten. The cannabinoids are first extracted and concentrated into oils and butters, which then get incorporated into an enormous variety of edible items, including baked goods like brownies and cookies, candies, chocolates, granola bars, beverages, gum, sublingual lozenges, and beyond.
Consuming edibles provides an alternative to inhaling cannabis smoke or vapor. The effects manifest differently when cannabinoids are processed through the digestive system and liver versus directly entering the bloodstream via the lungs. Ingesting edibles typically results in longer lasting but slower onset effects compared to smoking or vaping, often taking 30-90+ minutes to fully manifest.
Benefits of edibles include precise dose control since products are infused with measured milligrams of THC or CBD, ease of use, exceptionally long duration of effects compared to other methods, and avoiding any lung irritation from smoking. However, the slower onset makes determining ideal personalized dosage more challenging compared to the rapid feedback of inhaled methods. Effects can also vary based on synergies with other ingredients, as well as individual differences in metabolism.