Vaping refers to the process of inhaling heated cannabis vapor rather than directly burning and inhaling smoke from combustion. Cannabis flower or oils get heated inside a chamber at precise temperatures just below the point of combustion, turning the active cannabinoid and terpene compounds into a smooth inhalable vapor that is less hot and irritating. Vaping provides a healthier alternative to traditional smoking that reduces exposure to carcinogenic byproducts and may mitigate some of smoking's associated harms. Portable vape pens that use cannabis oils or distillates offer exceptional convenience and discretion when medicating or consuming cannabis on the go. And advanced tabletop dry herb vaporizers provide the familiar ritual of smoking flower without actually generating any smoke at all. While peer-reviewed research still remains limited due to previous legal barriers, existing evidence indicates vaping appears somewhat gentler on the lungs and respiratory system compared to chronic smoking, making it an attractive option for asthmatics, athletes, singers and other health-conscious consumers. However, any combustion can produce some toxins, so herb vaping falls on a continuum of safety and risk rather than a definitive answer.