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Genotype

Alana Rossi
August 19, 2023

A cannabis plant's genotype represents its unique genetic code, or blueprint, which establishes the possibilities for expression of traits and characteristics. This differs from the physical phenotype, referring to the plant's observable physical traits like appearance, aroma, potency and effects - which depend in part on growing conditions impacting how genotype is expressed. Each individual seed contains a distinct genotype passed down through sexual reproduction, with certain possibilities inherited from both its female and male parents. This genotype interacts dynamically with the surrounding developmental environment to ultimately determine phenotype - how traits manifest physically. Even genetically identical clones share absolutely uniform genotypes. But environmental factors like light, temperature, air and soil conditions impact which genes actually get activated and to what degree of expression. Understanding this dance between fixed genetics and plastic phenotypic response helps plant breeders selectively amplify certain desirable cannabis traits through strategic strain crosses and environmental controls.

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